Aberrant repair products of mariner transposition occur at a frequency of approximately 1/500 per target element per generation. Among 100 such mutations in the nonautonomous element peach, most had aberrations in the 5' end of peach (40 alleles), in the 3' end of peach (11 alleles), or a deletion of peach with or without deletion of flanking genomic DNA (29 alleles). Most mariner mutations can be explained by exonuclease "nibble" and host-mediated repair of the double-stranded gap created by the transposase, in contrast to analogous mutations in the P element. In mariner, mutations in the 5' inverted repeat are smaller and more frequent than those in the 3' inverted repeat, but secondary mutations in target elements with a 5' lesion usually had 3' lesions resembling those normally found at the 5' end. We suggest that the mariner transposase distinguishes between the 5' and 3' ends of the element, and that the 5' end is relatively more protected after strand scission. We also find: (1) that homolog-dependent gap repair is a frequent accompaniment to mariner excision, estimated as 30% of all excision events; and (2) that mariner is a hotspot of recombination in Drosophila females, but only in the presence of functional transposase.
Lohe, A RTimmons, CBeerman, ILozovskaya, E RHartl, D LengGM-33741/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.2000/02/03 09:00Genetics. 2000 Feb;154(2):647-56.